• Keith Collins

What Is First Aid?


First aid is the initial care given to a person who has been injured or who is in sudden ill health. It is generally performed by someone with no medical training, but it can also be performed by trained medical personnel. The main aim of first aid is to preserve life, prevent further injury, and promote recovery.


First aid can be divided into three different categories: primary, secondary, and tertiary care. Primary care is the first level of care that should be provided to a patient. It includes actions such as stopping bleeding, dressing wounds, and splinting fractures. Secondary care refers to the second level of care that should be provided to a patient after primary care has been given. This type of care includes things like administering oxygen and giving CPR. Tertiary care is the third and final level of care that should be provided to a patient after primary and secondary care have been given. This type of care includes things like providing advanced life support and performing surgery.


The steps of first aid are often taught using the acronym "ABC." The "A" stands for airway; the "B" stands for breathing; and the "C" stands for circulation. These three steps are important because they represent the order in which lifesaving interventions should be performed. First, ensure that the airway is clear so that the victim can breathe properly. Second, make sure that blood is circulating throughout the body by checking for pulse and ensuring that there is no major bleeding. Third, provide rescue breaths if necessary in order to keep oxygen circulating through the body.




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